The Andalusian horse orfor the Spanishs “pura raza española” is a breed that descend from horses that have lived in the Iberian Peninsula for many centuries, and is considered a singular breed from the 1500s.
Often utilized to achieve diplomatic goals, representatives of the breed were ridden for the most important dignitaries of the European countries.
The appearance of the Andalusian horse across the centuries has remained almost intact, and has beeen highly recognized by its nobility, trustfulness in war affairs and longevity.
The 19th century showed to be predatory for the breed, and for different reasons like crossbreeding, illness and war fatalities, the number of horses of the breed dropped significantly, meaning that the trade to outside Spain was limited until the middle of the 20th century.
With the lift of the exports ban, the breed expanded its presence around the world, making the registered amount of the “pura raza española” to reach 185.000 horses in 2010.
The breed is also known because its use in many breeds development, either in Europe or in the USA and Latin America, making its stamina and flexibility the main features that people look when crossbreeding.
The exposure of the breed in movies, shows and any kind of equestrian events has been huge, which has been a big factor in the spreading of the knowledge of the breed.
Aesthetically outstanding, these horses show strong body, dense tail and main.Nevertheless they can be found in several colors, the predominant shade is gray.Their temperament is obedient, kind and of cleaver attitude.
Surprisingly all the Andalusian horses that can be seen presently, descend from a limited quantity of horses which belonged to some religious orders in the 19th century. This small amount came from the herds that could resist a strong income of heavy horse bloodlines in the course of the 16th century.
Andalusian horse in the past
Coming from Andalusia, the Iberian horses of Portugal and Spain are his ancestors, and the Iberian peninsula his playground, where cave paintings show that equines has inhabit in the area for nearly 30.000 years.
Between the varieties of breeds that have been influential in the Andalusian Horse breed is the Barb horse which, like the Andalusian has Northern African origin and for many years was bred with the Andalusian, influencing each other bloodlines.
Carthusian monks, whom had the ability to read and write, were responsible of maintaining records and pedigrees for the Andalusian stud farms that started to appear at the end of the 15th century in Seville, Cazalla, and Jerez becoming the breeders of the highly valued breed at the moment.
The 15th century also brought the consolidation of the breed as a particular one, and with its huge prestige become to be influential for a numberless of breeds.
Such was the stature of the quality of the horses that there was no royal court or riding school that didn’t want them in their studs.
The “Royal horse of Europe “became in the 16th century mostly owned by royals and rich people and were recognized as the supreme horse that a person could ever own.
Portraits of monarchs riding Spanish horses begun to be increasingly common and even Henry VIII received Spanish Horses as a gift from Ferdinand II, Charles V, and others for his wedding with Katherine of Aragon.
Inflation and demand made the Spanish horses in the 16th century a good almost impossible to get.
Andalusian Horse Modern Days
With the exports of the first Andalusian horses in 1962 a new expansion era begun for the breed.
Australia was the host of the first two imports of Andalusian in 1971 and 1973 respectively. These imports gave birth to the Andalusian Horse Association of Australasia with the intention of register the recently arrived horses and their consequent descendants.
In the United States all individuals Andalusian are registered in Spain or Portugal and their number has reached 8500 horses, being born 700 new foals every year.
A noble and outstanding breed, the Andalusian horse is a breed that once was considered the finest in the world by Monarchs and nobles, physically strong and of exceptional cleverness the horse was used in the past for the most difficult tasks that a horse could face. As a war horse or a skillful riding horse always has shown its reliability and trustfulness.His ancient history and noble pedigree make of this horse one that every single lover of fine horses would like to own.