Origin Of The Horse Trailer
It is said that vehicles that resembled the actual horse trailer were seen in the years that horses were used by the fire departments to pull their carriages. In the event that these horses suffered some kind of wounds, they were transported on ambulances that seem to be the predecessors of our modern horse trailers.
With the same purpose, in the initial decades of the 20th century, the French army used these kinds of horse ambulances to carry the wounded horses that participated of the World War 1.And later, at the end of the war, the prestigious magazine Popular Science Monthly, informed that motor vehicles were used to avoid the drawbacks that the railroad irregular schedules meant for the transportation of mainly race horses that were committed to compete in specific events.Also railroad carriages, which were adapted to transport horses contributed to develop the idea of what these days are the trailers.
The expansion of mechanization, made that an exponential amount of adapted trailers, trucks, vans and any vehicle that can be modified to transport horses, were available for the horse owners that needed an efficient and secure way transport their equine friends.
These boxes were constituted by 3 stalls separated by wadded fences to help the horses to stay in a stable position. Also these carriages contained a space dedicated to the carer, that had a bench with glass windows and also a toilet. The carers could watch and feed the horse across accesses especially intended for that.
Design and Features of Trailers for Horses
Depending on the kinds of amenities, and the numbered of horses that are intended to be transported, the vehicles are sold in a variety of prices, and the buyers should know that these trailers cannot legally weigh more than a certain amount of weigh depending on the area that the trailers are been used.
The most sophisticated units even can provide lodge and facilities to accommodate the drivers of them, especially useful for competitors of sports events which require that the rider stays at the championship location for several days.
Normally horse trailers are design in a way that the horses can face the front of the vehicle, the rear or a diagonal position. To sustain their weight it is necessary that the horses can step at least once in all directions inside the trailer.
According to several researches the position in which horses feel more comfortable when traveling is the backward position, being the forward position also a less stressful one. In America is common to see horse trailers that have partitions skewed at 45 degrees to the vehicle line, due that has been observed that when horses travel in single trailers they tend to stay in that position.
In the UK, in the 1970’s race horses were still be transported from their training area to the racecourses in railroad carriages called “Horse Boxes” that were connected to regular travelers convoys or even could have exclusive trains dedicated to them.
Types of Horse Trailers
How tall are horse trailers?
Most horse trailers range from 7′ to 7’6″ in height, an a/c unit it will add 12″ to its height. Taller trailers are available for large horse breeds, and manufacturers typically make trailers up to 8′ in height.
Bumper Pull Horse Trailers
If you want to transport a couple of horses, a bumper towed or bumper pull trailer is going to be perfectly enough in most of the cases. This kind of trailer is attached to the vehicle that tows it by connecting it with a coupler in front of it. Usually compact in size these trailers can be towed for most of the vehicles and also are the trailers that have the most affordable prices.
Gooseneck Horse Trailers
A Gooseneck horse trailer is a good alternative when you are transporting three or more horses; make longer journeys and take numerous items with you. These trailers are safer due that the stability is greater, and also are simpler to drive. The trailers contain besides the main part of it, an extension which is connected to the truck that is towing the trailer.
The area of the trailer usually divided in two. The one in the back is the place that is destined for the horses to stay, and in front racks that are used to storage saddles and other material used in the horse breeding.
What is a 2+1 horse trailer?
It is a gooseneck horse trailer with two straight load stalls in the rear of the trailer with a third box stall towards the front. There is a dressing room compartment / tack room in the gooseneck portion of the trailer.
Living Quarter Horse Trailers
Being the trailers that require the biggest investment, the living quarters horse trailers are the most complete of all of them, because beyond that they show the typical area where the horse are transported, they have also a space that is especially dedicated for human dwelling. Located in front of the trailer, these areas can supply sleeping space, toilet and even kitchen.
This kind of trailer is often used by professionals that work in shows, competitions and so on. At first sight can be seen as an exaggerated spending, but looking more deeply, the trailers are very budget efficient for the people that move constantly around the country.
How To Clean A Horse Trailer
Even tough it is not one of the favorites jobs of anyone that have a horse trailer, the task is indispensable, and if you want that your vehicle has a longer lifespan, it must be executed regularly.
Not fun neither not so difficult, the necessary materials to accomplish the mission are easy to find and available at reasonable prices.
When to clean the horse trailer?
It is important for the maintenance of the trailer, to be cleaned it after every single trip, and in order to make it easier, is a good idea to keep always a bucket handy. Waste, especially urine, has to be cleared quickly, because if not the floor is going to get damaged overtime.
In case that the trailer is intended to transport several horses the procedure must be executed in each area individually.
When you start the job, the first thing to do is to withdraw the equipment from the trailer ,like tool kits, saddles, food bags and etc.
Then retire the floor cloth and wipe the flooring area with a solution of 10 parts of water per 1 of sterilizer to get rid of any malicious bacteria that could damage the health of the horses.
It is also good idea inspect all the junctions where different areas of the trailer meet each other, since these points are especially proclive to save leftovers and undesired substances.
Then when the chemical has done its job, park the trailer on a slope with the back part of it in the lower side of the area, so the liquid can drains completely. Rinse the area with a powerful water hose if possible, until there is no debris or materials on the surface of the trailer.
After the trailer is totally dried is useful to spread a good amount of baking soda to counteract the acidity of the horses’ urine.
As we have seen, the job of cleaning a horse trailer it is not difficult, but requires some attention to the details, and focus in the most important tasks that are necessary to keep your horse trailer clean ,and with a longer usable life.